Dr David J Wineland
(Nobel Laureate, Physics 2012), Research Professor, Department of Physics, University of Oregon, USA
Born in California, David Wineland received his B.S. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1965 and his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1970. He joined the National Bureau of Standards (now NIST) in 1975, where he was a Fellow in the Time and Frequency Division till 2017 before joining the Department of Physics of the University of Oregon as a research professor. In 1973 Dr Wineland caught the attention of the scientific community when he helped to isolate a single electron. In 1978, he became the first to laser cool ions. His group of NIST used trapped ions on fundamental physics many experiments on fundamental physics and quantum state control. His group has demonstrated optical techniques for preparing the ground, entangled and superposition states. His work has led to advances in atomic clocks, quantum information, and spectroscopy. He has also created his first single atom quantum logic gate in 1995. In 2004, he became first to quantum teleport information in massive particles.
Dr Wineland’s awards include the Department of Commerce Gold Medal, the Society of Optical and Quantum Electronics’ Einstein Medal for Laser Science, the APS’s Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science, the International Award on Quantum Communications, the Optical Society of America’s Frederic Ives Award, and the National Medal of Science. His work has included advances in optics, specifically laser cooling trapped ions and using ions for Quantum Computing operations. He was awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics, jointly with Serge Haroche, for “ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems.